False yam tuber (Icacina oliviformis) extract has been shown to have some toxic compounds that need to be investigated to find its effect on. Common Name:False yam. Description. The Icacinaceae are a family of flowering plants, consisting of trees, shrubs, and lianas, primarily of the tropics. False yam (Icacina oliviformis syn. Icacina senegalensis) is a drought-resistant plant in West and Central Africa that produces a large tuber with.

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File:Icacina senegalensis MS 4743.JPG

Any improvement, no matter how modest, could thus have a satisfying impact. It can be stored until needed. Upland Areas Potential here is unknown, but perhaps worth finding out. Icacinaceae sensu stricto contains about … Read more References Switchboard Wikipedia. False yam Descri ption The Icacinaceae are a family of flowering plantsconsisting of treesshrubsand lianasprimarily of the tropics. What results is a white, grayish, or creamy-yellow flour.

Although the plant is essentially unknown to agronomists, horticulturists, or even the technical literature, several million ollviformis rely at various times upon its three different products: Login or Register to save! The species is easy oliviformid grow and is already sometimes cultivated in gardens at least in Senegal. This is particularly true wherever the real yam is cultivated; icacina spreads easily and its underground growth mimics yam, causing real problems and crop losses at harvest.

Probably, neither the production of fruits nor roots will be devastated by the careful harvest of the woody biomass. The following page uses this file: Despite its attraction, this potentially weedy and mostly untamed plant should not yet be introduced into locations beyond Africa.


Forestry Perhaps this woody plant could also make a useful firewood crop, with the fruits and roots coming as a bonus. Moreover, better methods of handling the tubers are also needed. Nonetheless, it could be produced in far greater amounts. The National Academies Press. I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following license:. Even mechanical harvesting seems feasible. ciacina

Beyond Africa Prospects here are probably low. The seeds from the center of the fruits are also edible. They are eaten fresh, but are often sun dried as well. The tuber is cut up and leached in running water to remove toxic elements and facilitate maceration.

Icacina oliviformis – Useful Tropical Plants

Lost Crops of Africa: Agronomists should begin experimental trials to determine the main features limiting growth and productivity. The plant can be troublesome in savanna lands and along roadsides.

The book assesses the potential of each fruit to help overcome malnutrition, boost food security, foster rural development, and create sustainable landcare in Africa. It is covered with very short hairs and contains a thin layer of white pulp, approximately 0. Success might instantly turn this wild resource olivifformis a cash crop for regions with few salable materials.

That will avoid having to reinvent ancient wheels of knowledge. It contains bitter and perhaps ivacina principles. The family was traditionally circumscribed quite broadly, with around 55 genera totalling over species.

For a wild and untended plant, these are remarkable amounts. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The pink pulp of the fruit is eaten at least in Icacin, Senegal, and Guinea.


Finally, they are reduced to flour by pounding. Oliivformis Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Roots, too, can contain toxins unless properly processed.

Despite the olivifogmis for processing first, and sometimes a slightly bitter flavor, icacina flour is commonly used to make pastes or porridges. Thus, as long as icacina is around food is always available for people too. Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Information from Venceslas Goudiaby.

Icacina oliviformis – African Orphan Crops Consortium

Although the giant size of the old roots makes them hard to harvest, those pulled up on an annual basis would be smaller and much easier to lift from the soil. In the exploration of this possibility lie fascinating challenges to researchers, entrepreneurs, and other pioneer movers and shakers.

They, too, are often plentiful. Description Icacina senegalensis MS It is also softened into an edible paste by the addition of boiling water.

African Plants

This would help provide the ultimate in food security, not only filling oliviformsi down the decades but also helping save the populace when disastrous droughts arise.

Owing to their size and the fact that they can penetrate far below the surface, they are difficult to dig out. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 53 2: The starch granules are irregular in shape and size, some spherical and some elliptical, with diameters varying from 12 to 50 microns.

And it could be exceptionally valuable wherever crop failures and food shortages are ever-present dangers.